7 Common Gynaecological Procedures You Should Know About

7 Common Gynaecological Procedures You Should Know About

Women can develop gynecological problems at any point in their life. Starting from irregular menstrual patterns and fibroids to reproductive cancers and PCOS, there are various gynae problems requiring medical treatments. Some conditions can be effectively treated with medications and other non-surgical interventions but some issues can only be treated with gynaecological procedures or surgeries. You must contact a reputed gynecologist like our Gynaecology expert Dr. Priyankur Roy to know the best treatment for your condition. 

Many available gynecological procedures can sustain your gynecological health. To ensure success rates of the procedure, you must book an appointment with a reputed gynecologist who is experienced in performing such procedures. You must know that not all gynecological procedures require open surgery since the doctor can also advise effective minimally invasive procedures whenever applicable to reduce post-operative problems. Through top-notch perioperative care, the right surgery technique, and advanced tools, you can undergo a successful surgery that will improve your overall life quality. 

Effective Gynaecological Procedures To Ensure Reproductive Health 

1. Hysteroscopy 
Hysteroscopy is one of the most common gynecological procedures that helps in diagnosing and treating various gynae issues. This procedure is often recommended by the doctor if you have a misplaced IUD, post-menstrual bleeding, abnormal reports of Pap smear, repeated miscarriages, or unexplained uterine bleeding. 

Through this procedure, the doctor can decide whether the woman will require other surgeries or not to treat the underlying conditions. You must know that in some cases, hysteroscopy is also used to take a biopsy of cervical or uterine tissues for cancer screening. Herein, you should never consider undergoing this process if you are suffering from a pelvic infection or you’re pregnant.

2. Dilation & Curettage (D&C)
D&C is mainly an outpatient procedure that is done to remove a tissue sample from the uterus. In this process, the doctor dilates your cervix and then inserts a curette to scrap the uterine lining to collect some tissues. Your doctor may advise you to undergo this procedure if you experience repeated miscarriages or suffer from abnormal bleeding, fibroids, or other uterine issues. 

After an abortion, the leftover parts of the placenta can also be removed from the uterus through a D&C. Herein, the gynae doctor just takes 5-10 minutes to complete the procedure and you can return home within a few hours after it.

3. Colposcopy 
Gynecological procedures are not only conducted to treat reproductive issues but can also be used for diagnostic purposes. Colposcopy is one such procedure that helps the doctor to view and assess the cervix and vaginal wall for any abnormal tissues. In this process, a colposcope is used to magnify the vaginal and cervical walls. 

If any abnormalities are noticed during the test then a sample tissue can be collected for further testing to check the presence of cancerous cells. You can contact the top gynecologist in Siliguri to undergo a colposcopy if you have abnormal results in the pelvic exam or Pap test. 

4. Laparoscopy 
If you’re not a suitable candidate for open surgery then the doctor may opt for laparoscopy to manage the underlying gynecological conditions. Unlike open surgeries, laparoscopy doesn’t involve any open incisions but can be done by inserting a laparoscope. This laparoscope is a thin fiber-optic instrument that helps the doctor in viewing all the organs of your pelvic region. 

Herein, this gynecological procedure can be used for both diagnostic and treatment purposes. Fibroids and endometriosis are some of the conditions that can be effectively diagnosed through laparoscopy. Additionally, the available laparoscopic treatments include adhesion removal, hysterectomy, ovary removal, fibroid removal, and endometrial tissue ablation. 

5. Endometrial Ablation 
Endometrial ablation is another effective gynecological procedure where various types of energies are used to destroy the uterine lining. This procedure is mainly used to treat various underlying conditions that are causing heavy menstrual bleeding. Herein, after the ablation, you will be experiencing less bleeding with no significant changes in your normal menstrual cycle. 

Some of the common types of endometrial ablation are radiofrequency, microwave, balloon therapy, hydrothermal, and cryoablation. This is mostly a safe procedure but due to the destruction of the tissues, it can impose certain risks including puncturing of the uterus, allergic reaction, and damage to other organs. 

6. Hysterectomy 
Hysterectomy is a major gynecological procedure that removes your uterus. Some of the main reasons why this procedure is performed are reproductive cancers, uterine prolapse, abnormal bleeding, persistent pelvic pain, fibroids, and endometrial hyperplasia. Depending upon the underlying concern, the doctor may also decide to remove some surrounding tissues or organs during the hysterectomy such as ovaries and fallopian tubes. 

You must know that there are various types of this procedure which include supracervical, total, and radical hysterectomy. Based on these types, the doctor may opt for a vaginal or abdominal hysterectomy that can be done through traditional as well as laparoscopic methods.

7. Cervical Cryosurgery 
Cervical cryosurgery or ablation is a gynecological procedure that involves destroying abnormal cervical cells with the usage of extremely cold chemicals such as argon gas or liquid nitrogen. Genital warts, unexplained bleeding, cervicitis, and abnormal cells increasing the risks of cervical cancer can be some of the underlying conditions indicating the necessity of cryosurgery.

During this process, a speculum is inserted through your vagina and then a cryoprobe is inserted to pass the cold chemical inside the cervix. The tip of this probe is then applied to the abnormal cells to destroy it. You must know that this is not a painful surgery and the procedure often takes less than 10 minutes to complete. 

If you experience any gynecological problems then without any hesitation book an appointment with an experienced gynecologist in Siliguri today. Through various painless and effective diagnostic procedures, the doctor may detect the underlying concerns and then recommend a perfect treatment option to ensure your reproductive well-being. 

Dr Priyankur Roy
Dr. Priyankur Roy


Dr. Priyankur Roy is a distinguished expert in Infertility Treatment and Gynae-Endoscopy. With advanced qualifications from Germany and the UK, he excels in providing high-quality medical care.

This blog is clinically verified by Dr. Priyankur Roy to ensure accuracy and reliability.

Read More Articles
Comments (0)
Your comments must be minimum 30 character.